The CARRIER accepts goods for carriage subject to the conditions set out below which shall come into force upon acceptance by the Customer of its Request For Delivery and shall supersede all previous verbal and written conditions.




These Conditions of Carriage (Container Hauler), (hereinafter referred to as these Conditions) shall apply to all contracts of carriage between the Carrier and the Customer. All Customers who choose to use the service of the Carrier in carrying and transporting their goods shall accept and deemed to have accepted these Conditions and abide by its provisions.




In these Conditions the following expressions shall have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say: -


Carrier means (whether in regard to carriage or storage or otherwise) the Carrier including its servants and agents, and its sub-contractors together with their respective servants and agents and which expression includes its successors in title and permitted assigns.


Haulier shall have the same meaning as the term Carrier above in (clause 2.1.) AMH means the Association of Malaysian Hauliers or its successors in title.

Charges means amount of money paid or to be paid by the Customer for services rendered by the Carrier.


Community System means the network system established by EDI Malaysia for any particular trading community on or through which any or all of the EDI Members transmit messages in connection with their trading activities.

Consignee means the person, firm or company who will collect the Goods from the Carrier. Consignment Note means the document containing all the particulars of the Goods issued

by the Carrier for the movement of the Consignment delivered to the Customer by the Carrier.


Consignment means any container, transportable tank, flat or pallets, and should be constructed to ISO (International Standards Organization), SIRIM (Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia) or other acceptable standards and maintained in a state that is safe for transportation.


Contract means the contract of carriage between the Customer and the Carrier.


Customer means any person or company or body incorporated under the law of any country sending or receiving or desiring to send and receive Goods by the services of the Carrier or its agents and includes unless the context otherwise requires, his principals, servants, agents (including but not limited to the forwarding agent), Consignee and owner of the Goods.


Equipment means prime movers, trailers, side-loaders and includes any other mechanical device used to transport and haul the container.


Dangerous Goods means Goods, which are of a dangerous, flammable, radioactive or damaging nature, and includes Goods, which are specified as dangerous goods published by the International maritime Organization (IMO) or any law for the time being enforced in Malaysia.

Excepted Goods means livestock, jewellery, furs, watches, precious metals and stones, treasury notes, bullion, cash, bonds, deeds, stamps, securities, manuscripts, paintings, documents and loans, safety razor blades, tin ingots, cigarette lighters, bottled perfumery, tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, bottled wines, spirits and the like.


Fragile Goods means the Goods that are of a brittle or delicate nature and are likely to break and includes without limitation glass, china and castings.


Goods means the cargo accepted from the Customer and includes any container not supplied by or on behalf of the Carrier.


Obnoxious Goods means any of the following kinds of Goods which are not included in the category of Dangerous Goods: -


a) substances which can cause discomfort to or adversely affect, personnel handling them;


b) substances which will taint other cargo or containers in close proximity or which may necessitate the containers being deodorized or specially cleaned;


c) Substances, which will damage other cargo by, contact or by sifting, e.g. carbons, graphite, white pigments, greases and other dirty cargo.


d) Deliquescent cargo and/or cargo which readily takes up moisture even from the air or cargo in a moist or wet condition, e.g. wet salted hides;


e) Cargo liable to infestation by insects, mites, weevils, or grubs or which might require fumigation;


f) Cargo of liquid or semi solid nature and cargo liable to liquefy with a rise in temperature such as reasonably could be foreseen; and


g) Any other Goods which in the opinion of the Carrier are likely to adversely affect other cargo or to cause personnel to object to handling them or to present any difficulty in handling or transport.


Perishable Goods means Goods that over a short period of time may be physically destroyed or so changed, altered or deteriorated and/or of un-merchantable qualities and/or have lost their commercial identity and which no longer fulfill their contract description.


Government means the Government of Malaysia.


Request For Delivery or RFD means document required and issued by the Carrier requesting the Customer or its agent to submit particulars and details of the Goods to be delivered.


Request For Transport or ROT means the same as RFD as stated above in (clause 2.20) RM means Ringgit Malaysia, the lawful currency of Malaysia.

Royal Customs And Excise Department means the Royal Malaysian Customs and Excise



Sub-contracting Parties means all persons (other than the Carrier and the Customer)

referred to in Conditions under Clause 9 and all its sub-clauses.

Tariffs means a published list of the Carriers haulage charges.


Trailer means the chassis used for the purpose of transporting a container.


Force Majeure means an event not within the control of the Carrier and has a direct or indirect effect on the Carriers obligations in the Performance of this Contract; events which it is unable to prevent, avoid or remove and shall include war whether declared or not, hostilities, invasion, armed conflict, act of foreign enemy, riot, insurrection, strikes, resolution, act of terrorism, sabotage or criminal damage, natural disasters including earthquakes, lightning, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, tempest, fires and floods.




The Contract shall take effect when the Customer submits the Request For Delivery for a particular Consignment or any other documents as agreed and accepted by the Carrier and shall end after the completion of the transit and after all the charges have been paid.


Both parties may, however, revoke or amend the terms of the Contract upon mutual agreement in writing.




No agent or employee of the Carrier is permitted to alter or vary these Conditions in any way unless he or she is expressly authorized to do so by the Carrier.




The terms of the Carriers applicable Tariffs are incorporated herein. Copies of the relevant provisions of the applicable Tariffs are obtainable from the Carrier upon request. In case of inconsistency between the Conditions and the applicable Tariffs, these Conditions shall prevail.




Payment of charges as per the Carriers applicable Tariffs has to be made in advance unless satisfactory arrangements have been made with the Carrier. The Carrier may grant at its sole discretion any credit facility arrangement to the Customer, in which case the payment is to be made within the specified period agreed between the Carrier and the Customer.


The Carriers charges for carriage shall be payable by the Customer without prejudice to the

Carriers rights against the Consignee or any other person.


The Customer is given fourteen (14) days grace period to dispute any invoices billed to the Customer by the Carrier in written form failing which all invoices are deemed as final and conclusive evidence of the acceptance of the Customer of its indebtedness to the Carrier in the amount stated.


The Customer shall settle all charges by the Carrier within the agreed period as per (Clause

6.1.) without prejudice to the Carriers rights against the Consignee or any other person liable for the charges. Then should the charges not be paid within the period specified for payment, the Customer agrees to pay to the Carrier interest at the rate of one point five percent (1.5%) per month on the invoice value from the date of the invoice to the date of actual payment.


A claim or counter claim shall not be made the reason for deferring or withholding money payable or liabilities incurred to the Carrier.

The Customer shall pay the Carriers charges for the detention of the Carriers vehicles, containers or coverings or other equipment or for the use or occupation of other accommodation, whether before or after transit, unless the Customer proves that such detention or use or occupation has arisen from default of the Carriers. Any free time provided by the Carriers applicable Tariff shall not be subject to detention charges.


The Customer shall be responsible and liable to pay to the Carrier its costs in respect of any delay encountered as a result of the Carriers being prevented from effecting delivery of the Goods for causes other than the Carriers own negligence and shall pay to the Carrier its charges in respect of any frustrated or abortive journey occasioned other than by the Carriers negligence.


The Carrier shall be entitled to impose an appropriate charge for supplying any document proving delivery requested by the Customer in respect of each Consignment.




The Carrier shall be relieved from its obligation to perform the Contract to the extent that the performance of the same is prevented by failure of the Customer, events of Force Majeure, weather conditions or cause beyond the reasonable control of the Carrier.


The Carrier is not liable for the Performance of the Contract if it is unable to perform its obligation or effect Termination of the Contract due to an event of Force Majeure. In the event of the same, the Customer shall endeavor to help the Carrier in whatever ways to mitigate any effect that the same might have on the Performance of the Contract of both parties.


In the event of Force Majeure, any total or partial loss or damage to the Goods or Containers is the liability of the Customer and the Carrier shall not be responsible for any claims either from the Customer or any other third party for the loss or damage therein.





The Carrier is not a common carrier and will accept Goods for carriage only on these Conditions. The Carrier has the right to refuse any Request For Delivery from any Customer without assigning any reasons whatsoever.






Where the Customer is not the owner of some or all of the Goods in any Consignment he shall be deemed for all purposes to be the agent of the owner or owners. The owner shall be liable for any act committed by the agent, which is incidental to or usual to the Contract although such act may not have been consented by or known to the owner.


The Carrier may employ the services of any other carrier for the purpose of fulfilling the

Contract. Any other carrier shall have the like power to sub-contract on like terms.


The Carrier enters into the Contract for and on behalf of itself and its servants, agents and sub-contractors and its sub-contractors servants, agents and sub-contractor, all of whom shall be entitled to the benefit of the Contract and shall be under no liability to the Customer or anyone claiming through him in respect of the Goods in addition to or separately from that of the Carrier under the Contract.


The Customer shall save harmless and keep the Carrier indemnified against all claims or demands whatsoever by whomsoever made in excess of the liability of the Carrier under these

Conditions in respect of any loss, damage or injury however caused, whether or not by the negligence of the Carrier, its servants, agents or sub-contractors.




When collection or delivery takes place at the Customers premises, the Carrier shall not be under any obligation to provide any plant, machinery, equipment, power or labor, required for loading or unloading at such premises. Any assistance given by the Carrier or its servant at or beyond the usual place of delivery shall be at the sole risk of the Customer and the Carrier shall not be liable for any claims for damages arising from such loss.


Goods requiring special equipment for loading to, or unloading from the vehicle are accepting for carriage only on the condition that the sender has duly ascertained from the Consignee that such equipment are available at destination. Where the Carrier is, without prior arrangement in writing with the Customer, called upon to load or unload such Goods the Carrier shall be under no liability whatsoever to the Customer for any damage howsoever caused whether or not by the negligence of the Carrier, its servants or agents, and the Customer shall indemnify the Carrier against any damage suffered.


The Carrier may, at its discretion, provide special equipment for loading and unloading of container from trailer at the applicable tariff subject to prior notice given to the Carrier by the Customer.





The Carrier may accept Request For Delivery of containers provided it is made on an approved Request For Delivery form officially endorsed by the Customer making such a request.


Copies of the approved Request For Delivery forms can be obtained from all the registered branches of the Carrier.





Every consignment of Goods, except as otherwise arranged, shall be addressed and labeled in accordance with the Carriers requirements and be accompanied by a Consignment Note containing such particulars as the Carrier may require. The Carrier shall, if so required sign a document prepared by the sender, acknowledging the receipt of the Consignment but no such document shall be evidence of the condition or of the correctness of the declared nature, quality, quantity or weight of the Consignment at the time it is received by the Carrier.


The Consignment Note shall be prima facie evidence of the receipt of the Goods by the Carrier in the case of the Goods packed in a container for export and movement between two inland sites. The prevailing document or documents in use at the collection point as agreed deemed to be agreed between the Customer and the Carrier or their agents shall be prima facie evidence of the receipt of the Goods by the Carrier in the case of import Goods packed in a container.


The Consignment Note shall be prima facie evidence of the delivery of the Goods by the Carrier in the case of goods packed in a container for import and movement between two inland points. The prevailing document or documents in use at the delivery point as agreed or deemed to be agreed between the Customer and the Carrier or their agents shall be prima facie evidence of the delivery of the Goods by the Carrier in the case of export Goods packed in a container.

No representation is made by the Carrier as to the weight, contents, measures, quantity, description, condition, marks, number of packages or value of Goods and the Carrier shall be under no responsibility whatsoever in respect of such description or particulars.


Unless upon receipt of the Consignment, the Consignee or his agent notifies the Carriers in writing (whether on the Consignment note or otherwise) of any loss or damage to the Goods and the general nature thereof, the Carriers are deemed to have delivered the Consignment prima facie in the same order and condition as when received by them.




Transit shall commence when the Consignment is handed to the Carrier at the agreed point of collection.


Transit shall end (unless otherwise previously determined) when the Consignment is tendered at the agreed place of delivery at the Consignees premises.


Provided always: -


a) That if no safe and adequate access or no adequate unloading facilities exist there, then transit shall be deemed to end at the expiry of one clear day after notice in writing (or telephone if so previously agreed in writing) of the arrival of the Consignment at the Carriers premises has been sent to the Consignee;


b) That when for any other reason whatsoever a Consignment cannot be delivered or when a Consignment is held by the Carrier to wait order to be kept till called for or upon any like instructions and such instructions are not given, or the Consignment is not called for and removed, within a reasonable time, then transit shall be deemed to end; and


c) The foregoing do not affect the right of the Carrier to raise detention charges for prime mover and trailer incurred (and any other staging, diversion, storage charges, futile trip charges incurred) as provided for in the Tariffs.


If the Carrier has made arrangement to deliver a container to the Customer at an agreed time, however, due to unforeseen circumstance the container is either delivered earlier or later than the agreed time, but within a reasonable time and if the Customer refuses acceptance or no representative of the Customer is present to accept the container, and the container is hauled back to the Carriers premises, the Customer shall have to submit a new Request For Delivery of the container to his premises and the Customer has to bear the costs of the futile trip made earlier together with any other charges that may incur.






When the Carrier is unable for whatsoever reason, to deliver a Consignment to a Consignee, or, as Consignee may order or where, by virtue of the proviso to (Clause 13.2.) hereof, transit is deemed to be at an end, the Carrier may sell the Goods and any payment or tender of the proceeds after deductions of all proper charges and expenses in relation thereto and all outstanding charges in relation to the carriage and storage of the Goods shall (without prejudice to any claim or right which the Carrier may have against the Customer otherwise arising under these Conditions) discharge the Carrier from all liabilities in respect of such Goods, carriage and storage.


Provided that: -


The Carrier do what is reasonable to obtain the value of the Consignment; and


The power of sale shall not be exercised where the name and address of the sender or of the Consignee is known unless the Carrier shall have done what is reasonable in the circumstances to give notice to the sender, or if the name and address of the sender is known to the Consignee then the Goods will be sold unless within the time specified in such notice, the Goods are taken away or instructions are given for their disposal by the sender.




The Carrier may at any time and without notice to the Customer: - Use any means of transport and storage whatsoever;

Proceed by any route at his discretion (whether or not the nearest or most direct or customary or advertised route);


Load and unload the Goods at any place and store the Goods at any place;


Comply with any orders and recommendations given by the Government or authority or any person or body acting or purporting to act as or on behalf of the Government or authority or having under the terms of the insurance of the conveyance employed by the Carrier the right to give orders or directions; and


Where Goods are carried wholly or partly by water or air or rail and the Carrier has sub- contracted such carriage, the Carrier shall have the full benefits of all indemnities, rights, limitations and exclusions of liability available to the sub-contractor under any law, statute or regulation and in his contract with the Carrier and the liability of the Carrier shall not exceed the amount recovered, if any, by the Carrier from such sub-contractor. In the absence of proof to the contrary where Goods are carried partly by land and partly by water or air or rail, any loss damage or delay shall be deemed to have occurred whilst the Goods are being carried by road.





Customer shall be responsible to make available all access routes for the safe delivery of the container. The Carrier may but under no obligation carry out a route survey or appoint an independent consultant to do the route survey and all costs to be borne by the Customer.








The Carrier shall not be liable for delay or late arrival of Goods for export resulting in subsequent shut-out by vessel or the incurrence of any charges for Goods imported lying in port premises after expiry of the free period.




If at any time the performance of the Contract evidenced by these Conditions is or is likely to be affected by any hindrance, risk, delay, difficulty or disadvantage or whatever kind which cannot be avoided by the exercise of reasonable endeavor, the Carrier (whether or not the transport is cancelled) may without notice to the Customer treat the performance of the Contract as terminated and place the Goods or any part of them at the Customer disposal at any place which

the Carrier may deem safe and convenient, whereupon the responsibility of the Carrier in respect of such Goods shall cease. The Carrier shall nevertheless be entitled to full freight and charges on Goods received for transportation and the Customer shall pay any additional cost for carriage to and delivery and storage at such place.


The circumstances referred to in sub-clause (18.1.) above shall include, but shall not be limited to those caused by the existence or apprehension of war declared or undeclared, hostilities, warlike or belligerent acts or operations, riots, civil commotions or other disturbances, strikes, lockouts or other labor troubles whether partial or general whether or not involving employees of the Carrier or its sub-contractors, bad weather, any act of God or other obstacles in the transportation of the Goods.




The Customer shall at all times ensure that they have purchased or obtained full insurance coverage against any event of loss and or damage for the goods in transit including the coverage of the container, which holds the goods. This coverage shall include the entire journey from receipt until delivery of the container up to and including any transit, temporary stoppage and/or staging, partial loading/unloading period. The Customer shall provide a copy of such policy or policies of insurance coverage to the Haulier on request and there shall be no entitlement of subrogation to the insurer of the Carrier or the Carrier in that policy.


Unless the Haulier advises otherwise in writing to the Customer, the Haulier is deemed to be covered under Subrogation insurance. All claims whether for loss or damages however it may arise, whether from the customer or other third parties shall be claimed against the Customer's own insurer. Should there be justification for claim against the Haulier, the Customer's insurer shall then claim against the Haulier's insurer. The Customer shall make no direct claims against the Haulier unless provided for by the individual Haulier's insurers.


The Customer shall also never deduct in any manner either by direct debit or contra of account or any other method that reduces the payments due to the Haulier for services previously rendered, in any effort to off-set claims for losses, damages or penalties for delays and any other costs which may arise.


the amount of compensation for any one case shall not exceed RM$3.00 per kilo gross weight of the Goods and container or RM$100,000 per claim, whichever is lower.


In the case of loss or damage to any containers, the Haulier shall not be liable for any demurrage, detention, store-rent or any other incidental charges relating to the container beyond the claim for physical damage or loss of the container, from the day after the incident of damage to the container or from three (3) days after the day the container was handed into the Haulier's custody subjected to the limit for compensation under clause (19.1.) above.


Time Limits for Claims


The carrier shall not in any event be liable for: -


a) Loss or damage to Goods/Containers unless it is advised in writing within three (3) days and the claim is made in writing within seven (7) days after the termination of transit of the Consignment, or the part of the Consignment, in respect of which the claim arises.


b) Non-delivery of the whole of the Consignment or part thereof unless it is advised of the non-delivery in writing within three (3) days and the claim is made in writing within seven (7) days after the Customer handed the Consignment to the Haulier.

c) Losses/damages to Goods found in the container if the container's seal is intact upon receipt by the Customer


The Haulier shall in any event be discharged from all liability whatsoever in respect of the Consignment unless suit is commenced within a period of time of one (1) year from the termination of transit or, in the case of loss, misdelivery or non-delivery of the whole or part of the Consignment, from the said seven (7) days referred to in Clause (19.3.b.) above hereof.




The Haulier shall not be responsible or liable for any SSR, detention, store-rent, demurrage charges or any other penalties or any other costs or charges incurred as a consequence of any delay, howsoever such delays may have occurred, in delivery or collection of containers or goods or items or documents of any kind, whether such costs or charges shall be imposed by the Customer, Owner, trader or any other third party or regulatory or statutory organizations.


The Haulier shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential losses or for loss of any general, specific or part of any market, customers or trade as a result of any delays howsoever such delays may have arise.


The Customer further indemnifies the Haulier against any claims or demands of compensation as a result of any consequences due to delay in delivery or collection of containers or goods or items or documents of any kind.





The Customer shall be liable for demurrage/detention charges out of detention of equipment and trailers and/or containers beyond the stipulated free time as provided for by the Carriers applicable Tariffs. The liability shall also extend in cases where trailers and/or containers are detained by order of the Government or its agents.




The extent of the Carriers responsibilities and liabilities are defined herein and the Customer shall save harmless and keep the Carrier indemnified from and against all claims costs and demands of whatsoever nature and by whomsoever made and howsoever arising, from negligence or otherwise in excess of the liability of the Carrier under these Conditions arising directly or indirectly from the collection, carriage, storage and/or delivery of the Customers Consignment. Accordingly, the Customer shall indemnify the Carrier against: -


a) All consequences suffered by the Carrier (including but not limited to claims, demands, proceedings, fines, penalties, damages, costs, expenses and loss of or damage to the carrying vehicle and to other Goods carried) of any error, omission, mis-statement or misrepresentation by the Customer or other owner of the Goods or by any servant or agent of either of them, insufficient or improper packing, labeling or addressing of the Goods or fraud;


b) All claims and demands whatever by whoever made in excess of the liability of the

Carriers under these Conditions;


c) All losses suffered by and claims made against the Carrier in consequence of loss of or damage to property caused by or arising out of the carriage by the Carrier of Dangerous Goods whether or not declared by the Customer as such;

d) All claims made upon the Carrier by the Royal Customs and Excise in respect of dutiable Goods consigned in bond whether or not transit has ended;


e) All currency losses as a result of payment being made in currency other than

Malaysian Ringgit or such agreed currency of payment between the parties.



In the absence of written notice to the contrary given to the Carrier at the time of delivery to it, all Goods and the packaging within which they are contained are warranted by the Customer to be fit to be carried and stored.


The Customer agrees that he will not submit to the Carriers any Consignment container dangerous, verminous, infested, contaminated or condemned Goods unless he shall first have given to the Carrier in writing full details of the same and obtained the written agreement of the Carrier to the submission of such Consignment.


If the Customer fails to comply with sub-clause (21.3.) above, the Customer will be responsible for and will indemnify the Carrier against all losses, damage and claims of whatsoever nature made upon the Carrier for which the Carrier may be or become liable arising from the tender of a Consignment all or part of which consists of dangerous, verminous, contaminated or condemned Goods including loss and/or damage sustained by the Carrier to its own property and injuries or loss sustained by servants, agents and/or sub-contractors of the Carrier whether or not caused by the negligence of the Carrier, its servants, agents or sub- contractors.





The Carrier shall be entitled but under no obligation, to open any container any time and to inspect the contents. If it thereupon appears that the contents or any part thereof cannot safely or properly be carried further, either at all or without incurring any additional expenses to carry or take any measures in relation to the container or its contents or any part thereof, the Carrier may abandon the transportation thereof and/or take any measures and/or incur any reasonable expenses to carry or to continue the carriage or to store the same under cover or in the open, at any place, which storage shall be deemed to constitute due delivery under these Conditions. The Customer shall indemnify the Carrier against any reasonable additional expenses so incurred.


If the container is FCL, load, counted and sealed, the Carrier will not be responsible for any loss or damage to the container.




The customer shall comply with all the regulations or requirements of the Customs, port and other authorities, and shall bear and pay all duties, taxes, fines, imposts, expenses or losses incurred or suffered by reason thereof or by reason of any illegal, incorrect or insufficient marking, numbering and addressing of the Goods., and indemnify the Carrier in respect thereof.




The Customer shall take delivery of the Goods within the time provided for by the Carriers applicable Tariffs.



The Carrier shall have a general lien against the owner of any Goods for money whatsoever due from such owner to the Carrier. If any lien is not satisfied within a reasonable time, the Carrier may at its absolute discretion sell the Goods as agents for the owner and apply the proceeds towards the money due and the expenses of the sale, and shall upon accounting to the Customer, for the balance remaining if any, be discharged from all liability whatsoever in respect of the Goods.




If the Carrier undertakes carriage of Goods in a container involving a particular stage of the overall transport of the container, the Carriers liability for loss or damage to the Goods shall be limited between the time the Goods was received by the Carrier for transportation and the time the Goods was delivered to the Customer.




All Goods are carried or stored subject also to any other applicable published bye-laws or regulations relating to the services of the Carrier for the time being in force and in the event of conflict between such bye-laws or regulations and these Conditions, the said bye-laws or regulations shall prevail.




The Carrier shall not in any case be liable for loss or damage directly occasioned by the failure of the Customer to comply with these Conditions.




The provisions of these Conditions are not exhaustive and where any discrepancy or insufficient detail exists, the Customer may refer such discrepancy or insufficient detail to the Carrier. The Carrier reserves the right, at any time, to alter or repeal any or all of the provisions of this Conditions for the time being in force or make any new Conditions to the exclusion of or in addition to any or all of the existing provisions and any provisions so made shall be deemed to be the provisions of the same validity as if originally embodied herein and shall themselves be subject in the like manner to be altered or modified.




The parties herein agree that any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with the terms of this Agreement or the interpretation, application, implementation, validity, breach or otherwise of any provision thereof and in particular in relation to the responsibility of parties in the payments of costs for failure to comply with any obligation stipulated in this Agreement shall exclusively be referred to and finally settled by arbitration in accordance with the Arbitration Act 1950. The parties herein further agree that in the event an arbitration is required, the arbitrator shall be mutually agreed upon and that the arbitrators decision shall be final, binding and conclusive between parties.






Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions herein mentioned, any law or by-law enactments or regulations passed by the Government at any time, which are in conflict with any or all of the existing provisions, such law or by-law enactments or regulations so passed shall supersede such existing provisions.